Lactation curve, milk composition and metabolic status of goats from different genetic groups under tropical conditions

Document Type : Original Research Article (Regular Paper)


1 School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science/Federal University of Bahia, Salvador City, Bahia State, 40.170-110, Brazil

2 Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences of the State University of Santa Cruz, Ilhéus City, 45.662-900, Brazil

3 Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza City, Ceara State, Brazil

4 Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza City, Ceará State, 60356-001, Brazil


The objectives of this study were 1) to compare models to describe the lactation curve of the Saanen, Moxotó, and Anglo-Nubian 2) to evaluate the effect of genetic groups on production and composition milk and efficiency of mobilization of body reserves during lactation. Twenty-three multiparous goats, newly calved, were divided into three treatments (genetic groups: 9 Saanen, 8 Moxotó, and 6 Anglo-Nubian). The goats were randomly distributed in collective pens, under the same feeding conditions. Five mathematical models were used to adjust the lactation curves: Wood (WD); Papajcsik and Bodero (PB); Adapted from Papajcsik and Bodero (APB); Nelder (ND) and Wilmink (WM). To indicate the best fit, the model evaluation system software was used, performing additional analyzes with the observed and predicted values ​​for each fitted equation. There were differences (P<0.05) in the parameters a, b and c between the genetic groups in each mathematical model. The APB model is recommended for use in all genetic groups to evaluate milk yield (Y), following the parameters: Y = 1.196+0.0545×t×e (-0.038×t) for Saanen, Y = 0.297+0.031×t×e(-0.0462×t) for Moxotó and Y = 0.757+0.0554×t×e(-0.0417×t) for Anglo-Nubian. The results for average milk production during 27 weeks of lactation were 1.37; 0.37 and 0.9 kg d-1 for Saanen, Moxotó and Anglo-Nubian, respectively. Except for lactose, there was a difference (P<0.05) between the genetic groups for milk composition and plasma beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) levels. Considering milk composition, the Saanen, Moxoto and Anglo Nubiana presented the averages (%) for fat of 3.66, 6.75, and 5.10, protein 3.32, 4.97, and 4.18 and lactose 4.28, 4.46, and 4.39%, respectively. There was no effect (P>0.05) on B-HBO in response to days of lactation, but Saanen and Anglo Nubian goats had higher plasma levels of this metabolite compared to Moxotó goats. Saanen had a greater weight loss of 12.83 kg, which was verified at 35 days of lactation. Saanen and Anglo-Nubian animals have a greater ability to mobilize body reserves compared to Moxotó. APB model is adequate to describe milk production of goats in tropical areas.


Main Subjects

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