Beneficial effect of Bacillus coagulans DSM 32016 on performance and productivity of broiler breeders

Document Type : Original Research Articles (Regular Papers)

Authors

Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

Abstract

The worldwide application of antibiotic growth promotors in the last decades in animal production at least partly contributed to the global pool of multiantibiotic-resistant bacteria causing hardly treatable and severe human but also veterinarian infectious diseases. These circumstances prompted the development of alternative strategies to replace antibiotic growth promotors without losses in animal performance. Among other feed additives, health-beneficial live microorganisms (often designated as probiotics or gut microbiota stabilizers) became promising parts of such alternative approaches. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Bacillus coagulans DSM 32016 (1×109 CFU/kg of diet) on the performance of broiler breeder (Arbor Acres). Broiler breeder hens (Arbor Acres; n=240) at the age of 22 weeks were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 dietary treatments with 12 replicates of 10 birds each, in a completely randomized design. Supplementation of the diet with Bacillus coagulans DSM 32016 increased the number of produced eggs, the number of produced settable eggs, egg yolk weight and eggshell thickness (P≤0.05). The probiotic supplementation reduced the mortality rate, enhanced egg hatchability, and increased the egg production-based economic profit. Thus, Bacillus coagulans DSM 32016 can be considered as performance-enhancing zootechnical feed additive for broiler breeders.

Keywords

Main Subjects


References
Abdhul, K., Ganesh, M., Shanmughapriya, S., Vanithamani, S., Kanagavel, M., Anbarasu, K., Natarajaseenivasan, K., 2015. Bacteriocinogenic potential of a probiotic strain Bacillus coagulans [BDU3] from Ngari. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 79, 800-806.
Alakomi, H.L., Skytta, E., Saarela, M., Mattila-Sandholm, T., Latva-Kala, K., Helander, I.M., 2000. Lactic acid permeabilizes gram-negative bacteria by disrupting the outer membrane. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 66, 2001-2005.
Alberoni, D., Baffoni, L., Gaggìa, F., Ryan, P.M., Murphy, K., Ross, P.R., Stanton, C., Di Gioia, D., 2018. Impact of beneficial bacteria supplementation on the gut microbiota, colony development and productivity of Apis mellifera L. Beneficial Microbes 9, 269-278.
Anaya-Loyola, M.A., Enciso-Moreno, J.A., López-Ramos, J.E., García-Marín, G., Álvarez, M.Y.O., Vega-García, A.M., Mosqueda, J., García-Gutiérrez, D.G., Keller, D., Pérez-Ramírez, I.F., 2019. Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6068 decreases upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tract symptoms in healthy Mexican scholar-aged children by modulating immune-related proteins. Food Research International 125, 108567.
Arbor-Acres. Arbor Acres plus S, parent stock nutrition specifications. Online Available at https://en.aviagen.com. 2016. [Verified 30 Dec 2021].
Awad, W.A., Hess, C., Hess, M., 2017. Enteric pathogens and their toxin-induced disruption of the intestinal barrier through alteration of tight junctions in chickens. Toxins 9, 60.
Baron, M., 2009. A patented strain of Bacillus coagulans increased immune response to viral challenge. Postgraduate Medicine 121, 114-118.
Barzegar, M., Zaghari, M., Zhandi, M., Sadeghi, M., 2021. Effects of zinc dosage and particle size on gut morphology, tight junctions and TNF‐α expression in broiler breeder hens. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 00, 1-11
Cao, J., Yu, Z., Liu, W., Zhao, J., Zhang, H., Zhai, Q., Chen, W., 2020. Probiotic characteristics of Bacillus coagulans and associated implications for human health and diseases. Journal of Functional Foods 64, 103643.
Decuypere, E., Bruggeman, V., Everaert, N., Li, Y., Boonen, R., De Tavernier, J., Janssens, S., Buys, N., 2010. The broiler breeder paradox: ethical, genetic and physiological perspectives, and suggestions for solutions. British Poultry Science 51, 569-579.
De Jong, I.C., Guemene, D., 2011. Major welfare issues in broiler breeders. World's Poultry Science Journal 67, 73-82.
Duncan, S.H., Louis, P., Flint, H.J., 2004. Lactate-utilizing bacteria, isolated from human feces, that produce butyrate as a major fermentation product. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70, 5810-5817.
Gadde, U., Kim, W.H., Oh, S.T., Lillehoj, H.S., 2017. Alternatives to antibiotics for maximizing growth performance and feed efficiency in poultry: a review. Animal Health Research Reviews 18, 26-45.
Giang, H.H., Viet, T.Q., Ogle, B., Lindberg, J.E., 2010. Growth performance, digestibility, gut environment and health status in weaned piglets fed a diet supplemented with potentially probiotic complexes of lactic acid bacteria. Livestock Science 129, 95-103.
Guo, S., Xi, Y., Xia, Y., Wu, T., Zhao, D., Zhang, Z., Ding, B., 2021. Dietary Lactobacillus fermentum and Bacillus coagulans supplementation modulates intestinal immunity and microbiota of broiler chickens challenged by Clostridium perfringens. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 8, 483.
Hajati, H., Hassanabadi, A., Yansari, A.T., 2014. The effect of dietary supplementation of prebiotic and probiotic on performance, humoral immunity responses and egg hatchability in broiler breeders. Poultry Science Journal 2,1-13.
Honda, H., Hoyles, L., Gibson, G.R., Farmer, S., 2011. Impact of GanedenBC30 (Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086) on population dynamics of the human gut microbiota in a continuous culture fermentation system. International Journal of Probiotics and Prebiotics 6, 65-72.
Huang, S., Huang, C., Zhao, L., Zhang, J., Ji, C., Ma, Q., 2017. Effects of Bacillus coagulans on performance, egg quality and plasma biochemical parameters of laying hens infected with Salmonella. Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition 29, 4534-4541.
Hung, A.T., Lin, S.Y., Yang, T.Y., Chou, C.K., Liu, H.C., Lu, J.J., Wang, B., Chen, S.Y., Lien, T.F., 2012. Effects of Bacillus coagulans ATCC 7050 on growth performance, intestinal morphology, and microflora composition in broiler chickens. Animal Production Science 52, 874-879.
Hunton, P., 1995. Egg production, processing and marketing. In: World Poultry Science, Elsevier, Tokyo, pp. 457-480.
Jäger, R., Purpura, M., Farmer, S., Cash, H.A., Keller, D., 2018. Probiotic Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086 improves protein absorption and utilization. Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins 10, 611-615.
Jha, R., Das, R., Oak, S., Mishra, P., 2020. Probiotics (direct-fed microbials) in poultry nutrition and their effects on nutrient utilization, growth and laying performance, and gut health: a systematic review. Animals 10, 1863.
Jiang, S., Xu, P., Tao, F., 2019. L-Lactic acid production by Bacillus coagulans through simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of lignocellulosic corncob residue. Bioresource Technology Reports 6, 131-137.
Kabir, S.M., 2009. The role of probiotics in the poultry industry. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 10, 3531-3546.
Khajeh Bami, M., Afsharmanesh, M., Ebrahimnejad, H., 2020. Effect of dietary Bacillus coagulans and different forms of zinc on performance, intestinal microbiota, carcass and meat quality of broiler chickens. Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins 12, 461-472.
Konuray, G., Erginkaya, Z., 2018. Potential use of Bacillus coagulans in the food industry. Foods 7, 92.
Kurtoglu, V., Kurtoglu, F., Seker, E., Coskun, B., Balevi, T., Polat, E.S., 2004. Effect of probiotic supplementation on laying hen diets on yield performance and serum and egg yolk cholesterol. Food Additives and Contaminants 21, 817-823.
Lee, Y., Yoshitsugu, R., Kikuchi, K., Joe, G.H., Tsuji, M., Nose, T., Shimizu, H., Hara, H., Minamida, K., Miwa, K., Ishizuka, S., 2016. Combination of soya pulp and Bacillus coagulans lilac-01 improves intestinal bile acid metabolism without impairing the effects of prebiotics in rats fed a cholic acid-supplemented diet. British Journal of Nutrition 116, 603-610.
Lei, X., Piao, X., Ru, Y., Zhang, H., Péron, A., Zhang, H., 2015. Effect of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens-based direct-fed microbial on performance, nutrient utilization, intestinal morphology and cecal microflora in broiler chickens. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 28, 239-246.
Li, C.L., Wang, J., Zhang, H.J., Wu, S.G., Hui, Q.R., Yang, C.B., Fang, R.J., Qi, G.H., 2019. Intestinal morphologic and microbiota responses to dietary Bacillus spp. in a broiler chicken model. Frontiers in Physiology 1968, 1-18.
Ma, K., Maeda, T., You, H., Shirai, Y., 2014. Open fermentative production of l-lactic acid with high optical purity by thermophilic Bacillus coagulans using excess sludge as nutrient. Bioresource Technology 151, 28-35.
Maathuis, A., Keller, D., Farmer, S., 2010. Survival and metabolic activity of the GanedenBC30 strain of Bacillus coagulans in a dynamic in vitro model of the stomach and small intestine. Beneficial Microbes 1, 31-36.
Mingmongkolchai, S., Panbangred, W., 2018. Bacillus probiotics: an alternative to antibiotics for livestock production. Journal of Applied Microbiology 124, 1334-1346.
Mojgani, N., Razmgah, N., Torshizi, M.A.K., Sanjabi, M.R., 2020. Effects of three Bacillus specious on hatchability, growth performance and serum biochemistry in Japanese quails fed diet contaminated with Aflatoxin B1. Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences 42, 1-8.
Morrissey, K.L., Widowski, T., Leeson, S., Sandilands, V., Arnone, A., Torrey, S., 2014. The effect of dietary alterations during rearing on growth, productivity, and behavior in broiler breeder females. Poultry Science 93, 285-295.
Neijat, M., Shirley, R.B., Barton, J., Thiery, P., Welsher, A., Kiarie, E., 2019. Effect of dietary supplementation of Bacillus subtilis DSM29784 on hen performance, egg quality indices, and apparent retention of dietary components in laying hens from 19 to 48 weeks of age. Poultry Science 98, 5622-5635.
Nielsen, B.L., Thodberg, K., Malmkvist, J., Steenfeldt, S., 2011. Proportion of insoluble fibre in the diet affects behaviour and hunger in broiler breeders growing at similar rates. Animals 5, 1247-1258.
Nour, M.A., El-Hindawy, M.M., Abou-Kassem, D.E., Ashour, E.A., Abd El-Hack, M.E., Mahgoub, S., Aboelenin, S.M., Soliman, M.M., El-Tarabily, K.A., Abdel-Moneim, A.M.E., 2021. Productive performance, fertility and hatchability, blood indices and gut microbial load in laying quails as affected by two types of probiotic bacteria. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 28, 6544-6555.
O'Toole, P.W., Cooney, J.C., 2008. Probiotic bacteria influence the composition and function of the intestinal microbiota. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases 2008, 1-9.
Payot, T., Chemaly, Z., Fick, M., 1999. Lactic acid production by Bacillus coagulans-kinetic studies and optimization of culture medium for batch and continuous fermentations. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 24, 191-199.
Riazi, S., Wirawan, R.E., Badmaev, V., Chikindas, M.L., 2009. Characterization of lactosporin, a novel antimicrobial protein produced by Bacillus coagulans ATCC 7050. Journal of Applied Microbiology 106, 1370-1377.
Rivière, A., Selak, M., Lantin, D., Leroy, F., De Vuyst, L., 2016. Bifidobacteria and butyrate-producing colon bacteria: importance and strategies for their stimulation in the human gut. Frontiers in Microbiology 7, 979.
Saleh, A.A., Gálik, B., Arpášová, H., Capcarová, M., Kalafová, A., Šimko, M., Juráček, M., Rolinec, M., Bíro, D., Abudabos, A.M., 2017. Synergistic effect of feeding Aspergillus awamori and lactic acid bacteria on performance, egg traits, egg yolk cholesterol and fatty acid profile in laying hens. Italian Journal of Animal Science 16, 132-139.
Sandilands, V., Tolkamp, B.J., Savory, C.J., Kyriazakis, I., 2006. Behaviour and welfare of broiler breeders fed qualitatively restricted diets during rearing: are there viable alternatives to quantitative restriction? Applied Animal Behaviour Science 96, 53-67.
Savory, C.J., Lariviere, J.M., 2000. Effects of qualitative and quantitative food restriction treatments on feeding motivational state and general activity level of growing broiler breeders. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 69, 135-147.
Shojadoost, B., Vince, A.R., Prescott, J.F., 2012. The successful experimental induction of necrotic enteritis in chickens by Clostridium perfringens: a critical review. Veterinary Research 43, 1-12.
Sikora, A., Błaszczyk, M., Jurkowski, M., Zielenkiewicz, U., 2013. lactic acid bacteria in hydrogen-producing consortia: on purpose or by coincidence?. In: Lactic acid bacteria - R & D for food, health and livestock purposes (1st ed), Intech open., London, pp. 488-514.
Taira, K., Nagai, T., Obi, T., Takase, K., 2013. Effect of litter moisture on the development of footpad dermatitis in broiler chickens. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 13, 0321.
Wu, S., Liu, Y., Duan, Y., Wang, F., Guo, F., Yan, F., Yang, X., Yang, X., 2018. Intestinal toxicity of deoxynivalenol is limited by supplementation with Lactobacillus plantarum JM113 and consequentially altered gut microbiota in broiler chickens. Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 9, 1-13.
Wu, T., Zhang, Y., Lv, Y., Li, P., Yi, D., Wang, L., Zhao, D., Chen, H., Gong, J., Hou, Y., 2018. Beneficial impact and molecular mechanism of Bacillus coagulans on piglets’ intestine. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 19, 2084.
Wu, Y., Shao, Y., Song, B., Zhen, W., Wang, Z., Guo, Y., Shahid, M.S., Nie, W., 2018. Effects of Bacillus coagulans supplementation on the growth performance and gut health of broiler chickens with Clostridium perfringens-induced necrotic enteritis. Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 9, 1-14.
Xing, S.C., Mi, J.D., Chen, J.Y., Hu, J.X., Liao, X.D., 2020. Metabolic activity of Bacillus coagulans R11 and the health benefits of and potential pathogen inhibition by this species in the intestines of laying hens under lead exposure. Science of The Total Environment 709, 134507.
Xu, L., Fan, Q., Zhuang, Y., Wang, Q., Gao, Y., Wang, C., 2017. Bacillus coagulans enhance the immune function of the intestinal mucosa of yellow broilers. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science 19, 115-122.
Yan, C., Xiao, J., Chen, D., Turner, S.P., Li, Z., Liu, H., Liu, W., Liu, J., Chen, S., Zhao, X., 2021. Feed restriction induced changes in behavior, corticosterone, and microbial programming in slow-and fast-growing chicken breeds. Animals 11, 141.
Zhang, B., Zhang, H., Yu, Y., Zhang, R., Wu, Y., Yue, M., Yang, C., 2021. Effects of Bacillus Coagulans on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, immunity function, and gut health in broilers. Poultry Science 100, 101-168.
Zhou, X., Wang, Y., Gu, Q. and Li, W., 2010. Effect of dietary probiotic, Bacillus coagulans, on growth performance, chemical composition, and meat quality of Guangxi Yellow chicken. Poultry Science 89, 588-593.
Zhou, Y., Zeng, Z., Xu, Y., Ying, J., Wang, B., Majeed, M., Majeed, S., Pande, A., Li, W., 2020. Application of Bacillus coagulans in animal husbandry and its underlying mechanisms. Animals 10, 454.
Zou, X., Jiang, S., Zhang, M., Hu, H., Wu, X., Liu, J., Jin, M., Cheng, H., 2021. Effects of Bacillus subtilis on production performance, bone physiological property, and hematology indexes in laying hens. Animals 11, 2041.