Estimation of genetic parameters for sexual dimorphism in body weight of Baluchi sheep

Document Type : Original Research Articles (Regular Papers)

Authors

1 Department of Animal Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Animal Science, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Animal Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

10.22103/jlst.2021.17787.1372

Abstract

The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for sexual dimorphism (SD) in birth weights (BW), weaning weights (WW), 6-month weight (W6), 9-month weight (W9) and 12-month weight (W12) of Baluchi sheep. Data were collected during 1981-2015 from Baluchi sheep flock (flock no 1) of Abbas Abad sheep breeding station located in Mashhad, Iran. Data were included 7339, 7303, 5884, 5162 and 4691 records of birth weight, weaning weight, 6-month weight, 9-month weight and 12-month weight, respectively. Six bivariate animal models were used to estimate variance components and corresponding genetic parameters in male and female lambs separately. The SD levels (ratio of Male/Female) increased from 1.06 at birth to 1.13 at yearling age. Except for W9 in which additive genetic variance and direct heritability (h_a^2) were greater in males, for the other studied traits, females experienced higher additive genetic variance and h_a^2. In both sex, maternal effects contributed significantly in phenotypic variation of body weights with greater contribution to body weights measured early in life. While in females, maternal genetic effect was greater than males, in males, maternal permanent environmental effect was greater which together with higher estimates of residual variances revealed greater sensitivity of male lambs to environmental conditions. Cross-sex additive genetic correlation (ra) was 0.86 for BW and 1.00 for the other studied traits. Maternal correlations between sexes were close to 1.00 indicating lack of sexual dimorphism for maternal effects on body weights of Baluchi lambs. Based on an approximate 95% confidence interval, the difference between sexes regarding direct heritability were not significant, indicating no need or opportunity for different selection strategies in two sexes. Therefore, a model including lambs of both sexes and with sex effects included in the model can be used for genetic evaluation.

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